Continuing Medical Education

An update on attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)

W Vogel


  • ADHD is a complex condition, often presenting with comorbid conditions.
  • The costs of untreated ADHD may lead to substance misuse, poor occupational performance and marital disharmony.
  • There is, however, effective treatment available for which there is a considerable evidence base.
  • Medication treatment is simple and effective, but the added advantages of giving psychological interventions as well as medication cannot be underestimated.


Author's affiliations

W Vogel, Division of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Red Cross War Memorial Children's Hospital, Cape Town, and University of Cape Town, South Africa

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Cite this article

South African Medical Journal 2014;104(1):72. DOI:10.7196/SAMJ.7728

Article History

Date submitted: 2013-11-13
Date published: 2013-11-19

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