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Treatment of tuberculous meningitis in adults: Is the duration of intensive-phase therapy adequate?

S Moodley, M S Dlwati, A I Bhigjee

Abstract


Tuberculous meningitis (TBM) results in considerable morbidity and mortality, especially in developing countries such as South Africa. Treatment regimens have been extrapolated from treatment for pulmonary tuberculosis, and the intensive-phase duration of 2 months may be inadequate for treatment of patients with TBM. We highlight this situation with a case report of a patient with TBM whose illness progressed after institution of the maintenance phase of treatment. We propose that the intensive-phase treatment of TBM be revisited with regard to duration of treatment, choice of drugs during continuation-phase therapy, or both.


Authors' affiliations

S Moodley, Department of Neurology, Inkosi Albert Luthuli Central Hospital, Durban, South Africa

M S Dlwati, Department of Neurology, Inkosi Albert Luthuli Central Hospital, Durban, South Africa; Department of Neurology, Nelson R Mandela School of Medicine, College of Health Sciences, University of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa

A I Bhigjee, Department of Neurology, Inkosi Albert Luthuli Central Hospital, Durban, South Africa; Department of Neurology, Nelson R Mandela School of Medicine, College of Health Sciences, University of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa

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Keywords

Tuberculous meningitis; Tuberculosis treatment; Intensive phase; Tuberculosis guidelines

Cite this article

South African Medical Journal 2021;111(5):412-415. DOI:10.7196/SAMJ.2021.v111i5.15422

Article History

Date submitted: 2021-04-30
Date published: 2021-04-30

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