In Practice

How to publish your work in a peer-reviewed journal: A short guide

R P Abratt


The basis of a manuscript is the research question, which is reported within a standard publication structure. The ‘Background’ section clarifies the question. The ‘Methods’ section describes what was done in the study. The ‘Results’ section describes the data observed and the analysis of these data. The ‘Discussion’ section describes how findings of the study relate to current knowledge and the practical implications of the results, and suggests future studies. This structure differs from that of a thesis, the aims of which are broader than reporting on a specific research question.

Author's affiliations

R P Abratt, Head of Clinical Governance, Icon Oncology; Emeritus Professor of Radiation Oncology, University of Cape Town, South Africa

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Publication; Research question; Structure; Peer-reviewed journal

Cite this article

South African Medical Journal 2020;110(7):640-641. DOI:10.7196/SAMJ.2020.v110i7.14679

Article History

Date submitted: 2020-07-07
Date published: 2020-07-07

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