Continuing Medical Education

Adolescence: The Age of Proteus

Hoosen Coovadia, Yashna Jugnundan, Arthi Ramkissoon

Abstract


This article focuses on adolescents as a group, who are exposed to major changes in their near future, with the key transformation being the
epidemiological transition from the age of infectious and nutritional problems to that of the non-communicable disorders (NCDs). The major NCDs
are: obesity, diabetes, maternal, newborn and child, hypertension and mental health disorders. We also discuss
allergies, exposure to pollutants, indoor
open stoves, and behavioural factors, such as lack of exercise, unhealthy diet, substance abuse, injuries and violence, and sexually transmitted diseases,
which contribute to a risky environment. We particularly emphasise the continuum from birth to old age, during which early events may produce
lifelong diseases, and which requires serious attention with regard to preventive measures during the earliest period of susceptibility. Some indicators
of disease can serve as diagnostic markers and help healthcare workers to avoid complications and manage a disorder efficiently.


Authors' affiliations

Hoosen Coovadia, Maternal, Adolescent and Child Health Systems (MatCH), School of Public Health, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg

Yashna Jugnundan, Maternal, Adolescent and Child Health Systems (MatCH), School of Public Health, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg

Arthi Ramkissoon, Maternal, Adolescent and Child Health Systems (MatCH), School of Public Health, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg

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Keywords

Adolescence

Cite this article

South African Medical Journal 2016;106(7):659-661. DOI:10.7196/SAMJ.2016.v106i7.10945

Article History

Date submitted: 2016-04-20
Date published: 2016-06-17

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